Manet’s Olympia became a turning point painting from the 19th century. It broke the artistic rules and portrayed subject matter and style in a new fashion. Realism developed during this time, depicting everyday life in art.
In Olympia, the entire scene might be a symbolic reference. In Titian’s Venus of Urbino (1534), we see a sleeping dog near the foot of the chaise longue, which creates a different ambiance compared to Manet’s black cat.
Manet caused a scene with his modern subject matter placed in a traditional space filled with Classical expectations. This did not stop him from winning a spot in the Salon’s exhibition, even after so many ridiculed his painting.