Art critics and avant-garde thinkers see the Duchamp urinal as an important landmark in 20th-century artwork. Some believe Duchamp’s Fountain was originally created by Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven. The urinal artwork was shot in Alfred Stieglitz’s studio after its removal.
Duchamp was a sculptor, painter, and writer known for his work in Dada, Cubism, and Conceptual art. He is one of the three artists who contributed to the breakthroughs in the plastic arts in the early 20th century.
Several performers sought to add to the sculpture by urinating in it. Kendell Geers, a South African-born artist, gained worldwide attention in 1993 when he peed into the Duchamp urinal during an exhibition in Venice.