In the most basic explanation, color is a result of reflected or absorbed light, which occurs in wavelengths. This light reaches photoreceptors in our eyes called rods and cones, which then allows us to see the specific color.
Several color schemes emerge from different color combinations. While complementary and analogous are two of the well-known color schemes, there are also split-complementary and triadic, and others like square and tetradic.
Complementary colors are opposite or “across” one another. For example, red and green, blue and orange, and yellow and purple. This also applies to all the tertiary colors that are also opposite/across each other.
Color combinations can evoke feelings of joy or sadness. It can be utilized to create perspective or emphasis in paintings or graphic designs. Color can be bright or light or dark and gray – the possibilities are endless when it comes to color.