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The Artist Cézanne

who was paul cézanne?

Dissatisfied with the Impressionist axiom that artwork is largely a reflection of visual processing, Cézanne attempted to transform his creative technique into a new type of logical technique.

early training

While still in the Académie, Cézanne met other artists Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, and Auguste Renoir, all of whom were poor painters at the stage but who would all eventually become founders of the fledgling Impressionist style.

mature period

Cézanne’s main objective was never to represent actuality as it was. He had said that he was attempting to disclose “something besides reality.”

late period

Cézanne’s creative endeavors were almost completely restricted to two graphic topics in the last ten years of his life.


Cézanne was out in the countryside when he was caught in a thunderstorm. He succumbed to pneumonia a few days later, on the 22nd of October 1906.

1861 - 1870:  the dark period

These works stand in stark contrast to his early watercolors and drawings at the École Spéciale de Dessin in Aix-en-Provence in 1859, and their brutality of emotion stands in stark contrast to his later works.

1870 - 1878: impressionist period

After the Franco-Prussian War began in July of 1870, Paul Cézanne and his wife, Marie-Hortense Fiquet, fled Paris for L’Estaque, where he shifted his focus to landscapes.

1878 - 1890: mature period

The “Constructive Period” refers to a series of paintings of this peak from 1880 until 1883 and also of Gardanne from around 1885 until 1888.

1890 - 1906: final period

From 1890 until his demise, he retreated deeper into his paintings. His works were well-known and highly sought for, and he earned the admiration of a new generation of artists.


With his artworks, the artist provided a new way of observing the world. As his renown grew in the last years of his life, a growing proportion of young artists were influenced by his unique vision.

legacy of cézanne's style

Cézanne thus launched one of the most innovative fields of creative inquiry of the 20th century, one that would have far-reaching consequences for the creation of contemporary art.

important CÉZANNE paintings

The Hanged Man’s House (1873) A Modern Olympia (1874) Self Portrait (1875) Bather (1887) Mardi Gras (1888) The Card Players (1893) The Large Bathers (1906)