Caspar David Friedrich's Paintings

FRIEDRICH'S biography

Friedrich’s somber landscapes, which frequently immersed the spectator in the wilds of nature, elicited an emotional response from the observer instead of a more literal relationship with the environment. This combination of spiritual importance and artwork helped him become a great success.


Friedrich, who had been tutored, began taking painting classes from Johann Gottfried Quistorp in 1790. His initial love for painting was supported, and he enlisted at the Copenhagen Academy when he was 20 years old.

early career

In 1798, the painter completed his education and relocated to Dresden, where his works were well received. Friedrich championed Romantic principles, such as the spiritual capacity of art.

mature period

Friedrich’s 1816 nomination to the Dresden Academy brought in a constant income, and he quickly gained fame as one of the founders of the Renaissance in Germany.

late period

The murder of his colleague and fellow painter Gerhard von Kügelgen in 1820 triggered profound despair, and he resorted to lecturing for peace and comfort.


Friedrich exemplifies a strong Germanic ancestry while also evoking gentle evocations of loss and absence, both of which are essential subjects in postwar European art.

important caspar david friedrich PAINTINGS

Cross in the Mountains (1808)

Morning Mist in the Mountains (1808)

The Monk by the Sea (1808 - 1810)

The Abbey in the Oak Wood (1809 - 1810)

Wanderer above a Sea of  Fog (c. 1818)

On the Sailing Boat (c. 1819)