The most basic definition of calligraphy is that it is a handwriting skill or simply beautiful or decorative handwriting. When delving deeper into the subject, calligraphy is much more than just good penmanship.
This also plays a role in the meaning or look of the various types of calligraphy. Ancestry takes into account the shape and form of the letters, as well as the techniques, the materials used to create the lettering.
There have been many cultures in history that have contributed to the art of calligraphy and its various styles. Since the earliest times, humans have developed many calligraphy writing styles. These were born out of a need to communicate.
Calligraphy is also an important part of Tibetan culture, and many Buddhist religious works include the use of calligraphy. Chinese calligraphy is a way to honor traditional culture, and it is a form of pleasure and pride for the Chinese people.
If you are looking to begin calligraphy, there are many classes and workshops you can attend, both locally and online. There are also calligraphy toolkits you can purchase to start with, before deciding on whether this is for you, or not.