The Sistine Chapel is part of the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican City in Rome, Italy. In 1508, Pope Julius II commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel’s ceiling; this was done between 1508 and 1512.
Christ’s figure is surrounded by various saints, martyrs, and angels, who are referred to as the elect. To His left (our right) are prominent Apostles like Saint Peter, who holds the keys to heaven in his hands.
Behind Christ is a golden yellow light, suggestive of the Sun, emphasizing his prominence and power. Some sources suggest that it is reminiscent of the Greek mythological god Apollo who was the god of the Sun.
The painting is a controversial version of the Last Judgment prophecy compared to other versions. Most of the criticism was around the explicit nudity of the figures and how Michelangelo combined mythology with religious subjects.