Tessellations in Art

a definition of tessellation

Tessellation art is created through the process of covering a surface with a number of geometric shapes that fit together almost like a jig-saw puzzle. Also known as tiling, this process results in a mosaic pattern that can be used in a highly creative manner.

a history

The word derives from the Latin word tessellātus (square small stones) and the Greek word tessera (four).


The use of tessellation patterns in temples and homes can be traced back to sometime in 4,000 BC in Sumeria.

tessellations in islam

The finest examples of tessellation patterns in architecture and art can be found in Islam, specifically in North Africa, Maghreb, and the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages.

patterns in art

The history of great art is full of examples of works that have used geometrical patterns repetitively to create stimulating and stunning masterpieces.

famous tessellating artists

Koloman Moser  (1868 – 1918)

M.C. Escher  (1898 – 1972)

famous tessellation artworks

Shah Nematollah Vali Shrine