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What was ROMANTICISM ART?
Romanticism challenged the rational ideals loved by artists of the Enlightenment. Romantic artists believed that emotions and senses were equally as important as order and reason.
Nationalism The growing nationalism throughout Europe following the American Revolution was closely tied to Romanticism. Artists felt a great sense of national pride and identity.
Subjectivity One of the most significant elements of Romanticism was the increased emphasis on the personal and subjective power of the individual artist.
Painting "en Plein air" Throughout Europe, Romantic artists began turning their attention to the natural world. This led to an increase in the practice of painting en Plein air, or outside.
Justice and Equality Partly driven forwards by French Revolutionary idealism, the Romantic period embraced the fight for equality, freedom, and the advancement of justice.
It was through literature that many Romantic tropes were first developed. Some famous Romantic writers include Mary Shelley, John Keats, The Bronte Sisters, and William Wordsworth.
Romantic opera began in Germany and Italy. The perfection and expansion of the instrumental repertoire allowed composers to reach new levels of dramatic expression.
Emotional intensity, the supernatural, nationalism, and the hero trope carried over into Romantic art. Art explored the natural world through landscapes and ideas of revolution and justice.
THE SPREAD OF rOMANTICISM
Romanticism spread throughout the world. The most notable styles of the movement were French Romanticism, English Romanticism, and American Romanticism.