In Primavera, there are nine figures set in a verdant landscape, an orange grove. Surrounding them are several orange trees and other types of foliage. The first figure is the Roman god Mercury, who is usually described as the “messenger of the gods”.
There are three dancing female figures to Mercury’s left. They are known as the Three Graces, or Charites. They represent ideals of beauty, fertility, and charm and are depicted wearing soft and silken dresses.
We see Venus, the Roman goddess of love, in the center of the composition. She stands further into the background than the other figures. Her head is tilted slightly to her right and her right hand is lifted at her waist.
There is an overall color harmony in the painting because there are no harsh or bright colors that stand out, yet there is a notable contrast between the fair-skinned figures and the darker trees and foliage.
There are a variety of forms in La Primavera, notably the figures in the foreground, who appear loose and fluid in their gestures and motions. Botticelli depicted the figures anatomically elongated, which was a common characteristic of his style.