The statue is composed of Mary in a seated position, wrapped in robes while cradling the lifeless body of Jesus. This is meant to portray the aftermath of the crucifixion of Christ and the two figures are disproportionate to one another.
The sculpture is shaped similarly to a pyramid, with the top of the head of Mary being the peak.Implementing disproportions in a sculpture was common during the Renaissance art movement and this is one of the reasons that the Pietà was not considered to be unusual or bizarre.
This religiously-themed sculpture is designed to evoke sorrow within the viewer as it portrays a mother that has lost her child, despite it being a divine sacrifice. This sculpture is one of the most powerful portrayals of almost any biblical scene.