Muses in Greek Mythology

a look at the muses

The Muses are the nine goddesses of the arts and sciences from ancient Greek mythology. They were gods in their own right, and they were often seen as the inspiration behind many great pieces of art.

the muses 

These ancient mythological figures have been discussed and depicted for centuries by various figures, and they remain important mythological icons to this day because of their direct connection to the arts.

the muses in greek mythology

calliope: muse of epic poetry

Calliope was one of the most prominent of all the Muses in Greek mythology as she was the figure who presided over epic poetry.

clio: muse of history

Clio was considered to be the Muse of history, although there are also a few accounts that portray her as the muse of the lyre too.

erato: muse of erotic poetry 

Erato was the Muse of lyric poetry, with a specific focus on love poetry. Whenever she has been depicted, she has generally been shown holding a lyre while wearing a wreath of myrtle and roses.

euterpe: muse of music

Euterpe is generally depicted alongside instruments, mostly wind instruments of which she was a supposed inventor. As the Muse of music and musicians, she was traditionally evoked to aid them in their compositions.

melpomene: muse of tragedy 

Melpomene is one of the most important Muses in Greek mythology in drama because of her association with tragedy.

polyhymnia: muse of hymns

Polyhymnia, as her name suggests, was the Muse of hymns and other sacred poetry. In addition, she has an association with the pantomime as well as agriculture.

terpsichore: muse of dancing 

Terpsichore is the Muse of dancing, although she is also often associated with the chorus, which is a now lesser-known aspect of Greek drama.

thalia: muse of comedy

Thalia is another of the Muses in Greek mythology that is strongly associated with ancient Greek drama as she is the Muse of comedy. In addition, she is often associated with idyllic poetry.

urania: muse of astronomy 

Urania is the Muse of astronomy, and so those who were inspired by her were those who studied the heavens. Urania was credited with inventing the globe and a compass.