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Fauve Art

contributions to 20th century art

As the first modern art movement of the 20th century, the Fauve movement laid the groundwork for many of the most well-known modern art movements, including Cubism and Expressionism. Key Fauvist contributions included their use of color, their interest in the artist’s subjective experience, and the unique nature of their subject matters and style.

fauvism & color

Perhaps the largest contribution by Fauvist artists to modern art was in their use of color. Color as a means of personal expression was a primary preoccupation for all Fauvist artists.

individual subjectivity

Color was part of the Fauvist’s primary concern with the expression of individual subjectivity.

subject & style

Traditional subject matters lent themselves as the vehicle through which Fauvist artists could lead the viewer, by means of color and brushwork, through their internal creative journeys.

fauvist foundations

Artists like Seurat, Van Gogh, and Gauguin helped to lay the foundations for Fauvism.

matisse & color

Matisse and other Fauvist painters began communicating emotion with vibrant and undiluted paints, often directly from the tube.

growing the fauvist circle

While Matisse was using Post-Impressionist color techniques, Maurice de Vlaminck and André Derain began working together.

birth of the fauves

During the early 20th century, other artists joined the original Fauves trio, including Raoul Dufy, Kees van Dongen, Georges Rouault, Georges Braque, and Othon Friesz. 

influential fauvist artists and their artworks

Henri Matisse (1869 - 1954) Le Bonheur de Vivre  (1905 - 1906)

André Derain  (1880 - 1954) Vue de Donnemarie-en-Montois (c. 1942 - 1943)

Georges Braque  (1882 - 1963) Still Life with Glass and Newspaper (1913)

the end of fauvism

The Fauvist movement was admittedly short-lived and the group never produced a manifesto that highlighted their shared stylistic aims. Freeing themselves from the constraints of reality laid the groundwork for the Surrealists, their vibrant use of color and form transitioned into the Cubist style, and their use of new and innovative media opened the door for Pop artists.